Advantages of stress process approaches for measuring historical trauma.


Despite growing attention to historical trauma (HT) as a key mechanism for documented Indigenous health disparities like alcohol abuse, the complexities of conceptualizing and measuring HT-related constructs have limited empirical tests of these relationships. In this article, we review the current evidence surrounding one HT measure: the Historical Loss Scale. In addition, we provide examples of the benefits of treating historical cultural losses as stressors within sociological and Indigenous stress process models of health.