Comparison Of The Shamans And Pseudoshamans Of The Apaches Of The Mescalero Indian Reservation

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Apache shamans possessed more hysterical features than the pseudoshamans, were mentally able to approach ambiguous material similarly to the control group, showed a high degree of reality testing potential, keener awareness of peculiarities, more theoretical interest, and the capacity to regress in the ego's service. The pseudoshamans possessed neither the prominent shaman characteristics nor hysterical features: they appeared to be impoverished personalities floating between the shaman and Apache norm groups. Bibliography.